Romans – The Gospel of God (Part 73)

But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference; for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed, to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.” Romans 3:21-26

In the last part of our study, we looked at verse 25 where Paul wrote – “whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed.” We saw that there is a “righteousness of God apart from the law” and that is connected to the death of Jesus Christ on a Roman cross almost two-thousand years ago.

Why did God do that? What was His purpose?

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Romans – The Gospel of God (Part 71)

But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference; for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed, to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.” Romans 3:21-26

These have to be some of the most hopeful verses in all of Scripture, especially in light of what Paul had written previously –

“Therefore by the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified in His sight, for by the law is the knowledge of sin.” Romans 3:20

Paul wrote that Jews and Gentiles were both condemned and faced the awesome justice of an Almighty God. Then Paul wrote – “But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed.” 

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Romans – The Gospel of God (Part 70)

We are currently looking at Romans 3 as the Apostle Paul asked and answered several questions about accusations against his teaching. They included –

  • Paul’s teaching impugns God’s covenant with Israel (3:1-2)
  • Paul’s teaching impugns God’s faithfulness (3:3-4)
  • Paul’s teaching impugns God’s justice (3:5-6)
  • Paul’s teaching impugns God’s truth (3:7-8)

In the next part of our study we will look at another pair of questions and answers that contain some of the most powerful of God’s accusations against the human race.

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Romans – The Gospel of God (Part 67)

For circumcision is indeed profitable if you keep the law; but if you are a breaker of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. Therefore, if an uncircumcised man keeps the righteous requirements of the law, will not his uncircumcision be counted as circumcision? And will not the physically uncircumcised, if he fulfills the law, judge you who, even with your written code and circumcision, are a transgressor of the law? For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh; but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not from men but from God.” Romans 2:25-29

In our last study we looked at verse 25 and Paul’s powerful declaration that “circumcision is indeed profitable if you keep the law; but if you are a breaker of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision.” Circumcision was so important to Jews because it was the sign of God’s covenant to Abraham and his descendants. The idea of becoming “uncircumcision” (which is what they called Gentiles) would have been abhorrent to the Jews.

Paul now takes this idea to an even more powerful level – that of an obedient Gentile judging a Jew!

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Teaching Notes: On Conformed Or Transformed

Teaching Notes are Bible studies we taught before GraceLife Ministries began publishing articles online in 1995. Some were presented as sermons, others as group studies.

Our hope is that these older studies will be a blessing to you in your life and ministry. Please use them in any way God leads you.

These teaching notes are part of a study in Romans 12.

[These notes are from a Bible study taught more than 40 years ago. The notes are in outline form.]

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Romans – The Gospel of God (Part 66)

For circumcision is indeed profitable if you keep the law; but if you are a breaker of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. Therefore, if an uncircumcised man keeps the righteous requirements of the law, will not his uncircumcision be counted as circumcision? And will not the physically uncircumcised, if he fulfills the law, judge you who, even with your written code and circumcision, are a transgressor of the law? For he is not a Jew who is oneoutwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh; but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not from men but from God.” Romans 2:25-29

The Apostle Paul put the Jews in Rome through some tough questioning in this letter. We saw in our last study that he first told them he knew what they thought of themselves –

  • rest on the Law
  • make their boast in God
  • know His will
  • approve the things that are excellent
  • being instructed out of the Law
  • confident that they are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness
  • an instructor of the foolish
  • a teacher of babes
  • having the form of knowledge and truth in the Law

Then Paul asked the Jews pointed questions for the purpose of showing them that they were not at all what they thought they were, especially in the eyes of God.

  • You, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself?
  • You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal?
  • You who say, “Do not commit adultery,” do you commit adultery?
  • You who abhor idols, do you rob temples?
  • You who make your boast in the law, do you dishonor God through breaking the law?

Paul then drove his point home with this startling accusation –

“For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,’ as it is written.” Romans 2:24

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Romans – The Gospel of God (Part 65)

Indeed you are called a Jew, and rest on the law, and make your boast in God, and know His will, and approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law, and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having the form of knowledge and truth in the law. You, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal? You who say, ‘Do not commit adultery,’ do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? You who make your boast in the law, do you dishonor God through breaking the law? For ‘the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,’ as it is written.” Romans 2:17-24

In our last study we learned more about how God will judge Jews and Gentiles “in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, who ‘will render to each one according to his deeds.” (Romans 2:5-6)

The Apostle Paul turned his attention squarely toward his fellow Jews in Romans 2:17.

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